BenefitsCanadian Citizenship

Canadian citizenship comes with benefits, rights and responsibilities. Discover how to apply, prepare for the citizenship test, and get a Canadian passport.

To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

Spouses Of Canadian Citizens

You don’t automatically become a citizen when you marry a Canadian.

If you’re the spouse of a Canadian citizen, you must meet the same requirements listed above. There are no exceptions.

Children & Grandchildren of Canadian Citizens

If you have a Canadian parent or grandparent, you may be a Canadian citizen.

Some exemptions apply – if you have a criminal record, are facing criminal charges in Canada or abroad or have been ordered to leave the country this may cause you to not be eligible to apply for citizenship.

Q: Who qualifies for a Canada Immigration Visa under the Family Sponsorship category?

The applicant or sponsored person, must be related to the Canadian citizen or permanent resident by one of following:

  • Parent or Grandparent
  • Dependent Children
  • Spouse, common law partner or conjugal partner
  • Intended adopted child under 18 years of age
  • Orphaned, unmarried and under 18 years of age brother, sister, nephew, niece or grandchild

Family Member Definitions

Your family members include your spouse or common-law partner, your dependent children and any children that are their dependent children.


Refers to either of the two persons (opposite or same gender) in a marriage legally recognized in the country in which it took place, as well as in Canada.

Proxy, telephone, fax, internet and similar forms of marriage where one or both parties were not physically present are no longer considered as valid spousal relationships under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations. For more information, consult Operational Bulletin 613.

Common-Law Partner

Refers to a person who is living in a conjugal relationship with another person (opposite or same gender), and has done so continuously for a period of at least one year. A conjugal relationship exists when there is a significant degree of commitment between two people.

This can be shown with evidence that the couple share the same home, support each other financially and emotionally, have children together, or present themselves in public as a couple.

Common-law partners who have been in a conjugal relationship for at least one year but are unable to live together or appear in public together because of legal restrictions in their home country or who have been separated for reasons beyond their control (for example, civil war or armed conflict) may still qualify and should be included on the application.

Dependent Children

Immigration and Citizenship Canada assess your child’s eligibility as a dependant based on how old they were at a specific point in time, called the lock-in date. This is usually the date we received your application. To see if your child qualifies as a dependent, we consider the age of your child on the lock-in date, even though your child’s age may change during processing.

Your child or the child of your spouse or common-law partner can be considered a dependent child if that child meets the requirements below on the lock-in date:

  • They’re under 22 years old, and
  • They don’t have a spouse or common-law partner
  • Children 22 years old or older qualify as dependants if they meet both of these requirements:
  • They have depended on their parents for financial support since before the age of 22, and
  • They are unable to financially support themselves because of a mental or physical condition
  • With the exception of age, dependants must continue to meet these requirements until we finish processing your application.

Dependent Child Of A Dependent Child

Refers to children of dependent children of the applicant and those of the spouse or common-law partner, if applicable.

Q: Will the time that I spend out of Canada affect my eligibility for the Canadian citizenship?

You will have to be present in Canada 3 out of the 5 most recent years in order to be eligible for citizenship.

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Main OfficeVaughan
Please also note that we only see clients by appointment.
Our LocationsWhere to find us?
GET IN TOUCHMerit Social links
Taking seamless key performance indicators offline to maximise the long tail.